Reverse SSH Connection
document will show how to make an ssh connection between a client and a
server that is behind a firewall. This is acheived by using
an intermediate computer that is located on the internet that you have
control over and is not behind a firewall (or at least you have the
ability to open ports on its firewall).
Setting up the Intermediate MachineThe
intermediate machine needs to be running sshd to allow the other
machines to make a connection to it. You will also need to alter
the sshd config file (/etc/ssh/sshd_config) and add the following line.
option allows you to directly connect to the intermediate machine on
the bound port that is chosen directly (in our example, port 9876),
otherwise you would need to do a normal ssh to the intermediate machine
and then connect to localhost on the bound port (
ssh target_user@localhost -p 9876).
Setting up the reverse connectionSetting up the reverse connection is straight forward, just issue the following command on the target machine:
ssh -N -f -R 9876:localhost:22 user@intermediate_machineThe
options are -N which is do not execute a remote command, -f fork into
the background after connection and -R which is to setup the reverse
connection. The arguments for the reverse connection are in our
example forwarding traffic from port 22 to port 9876. Port 22 is
the standard port for ssh sessions and 9876 could be any port that you
choose. The rest of the command just specifies how to connect to
the intermediate machine. Because you are not wanting to actually
get a command prompt on the intermediate machine you can set the user
here to have /bin/false as their shell in /etc/passwd.
Connecting from the clientNow that we have setup target machine to connect to the intermediate we can issue the following command from our client machine.
ssh target_user@intermediate_machine -p 9876You will now find yourself logged into the target machine as target_user.